UNSR Victoria Tauli-Corpuz



Nota técnica sobre la consulta y el consentimiento libre, previo e informado de los pueblos indígenas en México Print

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Nota técnica sobre la consulta y el consentimiento libre,
previo e informado de los pueblos indígenas en México

Febrero de 2019

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz,
Relatora Especial de Naciones Unidas
sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas

Desde mi visita oficial a México, en noviembre de 2017, he seguido con atención las acciones encaminadas a la implementación de las recomendaciones realizadas en mi informe de misión (A/HRC/39/17/Add.2). En este contexto, quisiera expresar mi profunda preocupación al Gobierno de México en relación con la información recibida por mi mandato en los últimos meses acerca de proyectos de inversión anunciados por el  Gobierno que podrían afectar los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y en particular, la intención de realizar consultas ciudadanas para recabar la opinión de la población nacional en general sobre la ejecución o no de esos proyectos. Falta claridad sobre como las consultas previstas tendrán en cuenta las obligaciones del Estado mexicano de implementar procesos específicos de consulta previa con los pueblos indígenas potencialmente afectados con el fin de obtener su consentimiento libre, previo e informado.

La nota técnica adjunta recapitula la importancia, el objetivo y la finalidad de los derechos de consulta y consentimiento libre, previo e informado de los pueblos indígenas. He decidido hacer pública dicha nota que espero sea una contribución constructiva en las discusiones sobre la materia.

La nota técnica quiere subrayar que los procesos de consulta ciudadana diseñados para la población nacional en general no garantizan las salvaguardas de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas consagradas en los estándares internacionales de derechos de los pueblos indígenas.

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Enhancing and Promoting Indigenous Peoples. Knowledge and Innovations for Climate Resilience and Sustainable Development Print

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Keynote Address: Indigenous Peoples' Forum in IFAD,
4th Global Session, 12-14 February 2019,
IFAD Headquarters, Rome, Italy

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz,
UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Mr. Gilbert Houngbo, President of IFAD, Mr. Paul Winters, Members of the Governing Council of IFAD, the Senior Management and staff of IFAD, members of the Indigenous Peoples' Steering Committee, Indigenous representatives, ladies and gentlemen,

It is an honor for me to speak at this opening plenary of the 4th Global Meeting of the Indigenous Peoples' Forum at IFAD. I always look forward to attending this Forum because it represents what can possibly be achieved through a partnership between indigenous peoples and a UN Multilateral Financial Institution. For many of us, indigenous peoples, we started knowing IFAD only in 2001. It has not been that long but many milestones have been achieved between then and now. The theme "Promoting Indigenous Peoples' Knowledge and Innovations for Climate Resilience and Sustainable Development" is so apt as several of the gains achieved by indigenous peoples since the Forum in 2017 speak to this theme.

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Climate Change and Human Rights. Joint statement of the UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders. 24th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC Print

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Joint statement of the United Nations Special Procedures Mandate Holders
on the occasion of the 24th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC

Climate Change and Human Rights

Leer versión en español [pdf]

6 December 2018 - As independent experts of the UN Human Rights Council*, we call on States to fully integrate human rights standards and principles in the rules for implementing the Paris Agreement on climate change (the Paris Rulebook). In a significant breakthrough, in 2015, Parties to the Paris Agreement recognized the need to integrate their human rights obligations and their efforts to address climate change, pledging to respect and protect human rights in all climate actions. Now, as the Parties meet in Katowice, Poland for the 24th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (3 to 14 December 2018), they must take the necessary steps to operationalize their human rights obligations as they finalize the Paris Rulebook.

Climate change is one of today's greatest threats to human rights, as illustrated in the recently released Special Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)1, which describes the ways in which climate change is transforming life on earth and adversely impacting the lives and livelihoods of millions of people. The IPCC concluded that "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" are needed to prevent catastrophic climate impacts. Unfortunately, the existing commitments of State Parties to the Paris Agreement—through their nationally determined contributions—put the world heading for 3°C of warming.

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Observaciones de la Relatora Especial de las Naciones Unidas sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas sobre la Ley que crea el Instituto Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas (México) Print

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Observaciones de la Relatora Especial de las Naciones Unidas
sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas
sobre la Ley que crea el Instituto Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas (México)

28 de noviembre de 2018

Introducción

Mediante el presente documento, la Relatora Especial de las Naciones Unidas sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, ofrece sus observaciones sobre la Iniciativa de Ley que crea el Instituto Nacional de los Pueblos Indígenas y abroga la Ley de la Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas. La Comisión de Pueblos Indígenas de la Cámara de Diputados del Congreso de México solicitó a la Relatora Especial que brindara una opinión especializada sobre dicha iniciativa1, en el marco del proceso de diálogo y consulta que se realiza sobre dicha Iniciativa.[1]

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End of mission statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz on her visit to Ecuador Print

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End of mission statement
by the United Nations Special Rapporteur
on the rights of indigenous peoples,
Victoria Tauli-Corpuz on her visit to Ecuador

Quito, November 29, 2018

 

Introduction and background

In my capacity as Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, I have visited Ecuador from 19 to 29 November 2018. First of all, I would like to thank the Government of the Republic of Ecuador for inviting me, as well as for allowing me to conduct my visit in an independent manner. I regard this invitation as an indication of the Government's willingness to advance in a constructive dialogue towards the full implementation of the rights of indigenous peoples in the country.

During my 11-day visit, I have met with the President of the Republic, Mr. Lenin Moreno, several Ministers, high-level representatives from different ministries and governmental institutions, the President of the National Assembly, the Judiciary Council, the Supreme Court of Justice, the Attorney General, the Public Prosecutor and the Human Rights Ombudsperson, among others. I have also met with representatives from the civil society, academia, the private sector and the members of the UN system in the country.

I have also participated in one national assembly in Quito and two regional assemblies in Lago Agrio and Yakuwasi, Victoria del Portete, organised by the Confederación de las Nacionalidades Indígenas de Ecuador, CONAIE, its confederations ECUARUNARI, CONFENIAE and CONAICE, and its federations and organisations. I would like to express my gratitude to CONAIE for the hard work in organising and coordinating these very important meetings. Through them, I have had the opportunity to meet with hundreds of representatives of indigenous communities, peoples and nationalities from the Sierra, the Coast and the Amazon. Furthermore, I visited the Shuar Centre of Kupiamai and the community of Tundayme in the Morona Santiago and Zamora Chinchipe Provinces, and the Sápara community of Jandayaku in Pastaza. In the city of Latacunga, I met with representatives of indigenous peoples of the Sierra to hear about indigenous justice, while in Cangahua, members of the Kayambi people introduced their actions and proposals on intercultural bilingual education to me. I was sorry not to be able to visit the territories of the indigenous nationalities of the Coast, but I had the chance to meet with members of the Épera, Chahi and Awá nationalities in Ibarra. I also held meetings with authorities of Waorani nationality, including from the Bameno community, and had separate meetings with indigenous women. I would like to express my deepest regrets to the communities that had invited me, but where I could not visit due the short time available for my mission, in particular to the community of Molleturo, affected by the Rio Blanco project. Please rest assured that I will carefully consider all the information you have submitted to me in my final report.

In all these meetings, I have received an enormous amount of oral testimonies and written information. While I will be reviewing this information in detail over the coming months for the preparation of my final report to the Human Rights Council to be submitted in September 2019, I would hereby like to share some preliminary observations and recommendations. My visit to Ecuador takes place in the year of the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the 2008 Montecristi Constitution. Therefore, I thought it would be timely to assess the progress in the implementation of the Constitutional commitments regarding the building of a plurinational State, including the effective application of the collective rights of indigenous communes, communities, peoples and nationalities in light of Ecuador's international human rights obligations in this regard. I also wanted to follow up on the outstanding observations and recommendations made by my predecessors, Rodolfo Stavenhagen in 2006 and James Anaya in 2009.

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