UNSR Victoria Tauli-Corpuz

Communications sent, 1 December 2015 to 29 February 2016; Replies received, 1 February to 30 April 2016 Print

Human Rights Council
Thirty-second session
Agenda items 3, 4, 7, 9 and 10

Communications sent, 1 December 2015 to 29 February 2016; Replies received, 1 February to 30 April 2016

A/HRC/32/53
27 May 2016

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Date Type Case NoCountry Mandate(s) Summary of the allegation transmitted Reply

01/12/2015

AL

BRA 9/2015
Brazil
Indigenous peoples; Alleged lack of adequate action to stop ongoing forest fires in Arariboia protected land, an area which contains Amazon rainforest. According to the information received, the forest fires are threatening indigenous peoples who live in the protected area, including Tenetehara / Guajajara peoples and Awá peoples who live in voluntary isolation. There are allegations of a lack of adequate, timely and coordinated steps by the authorities to extinguish the fire and protect indigenous peoples. Concern is also raised about an alleged lack of investigation into the cause of the fire, which may have been deliberately started by illegal loggers as an act of retaliation against indigenous peoples following defence of their land rights. 05/02/2016

07/12/2015

JAL

OTH 11/2015
Other
Business enterprises; Hazardous substances and wastes; Health; Indigenous peoples; Water and Sanitation; Letter to BHP Billiton Ltd on alleged detrimental human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an ore tailing waste dam in Bento Rodrigues, a district of Mariana municipality in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, belonging to Samarco Mining S.A., a joint venture between Vale S.A. and BHP Billiton Brazil Ltd. According to the information received, 50 million cubic metres of iron ore waste washed away the Bento Rodrigues district of 600 inhabitants and the ‘mud wave’ penetrated the whole extension of the Doce river and the sea beyond the estuary, affecting the entire ecosystem of the region in its downstream path of 850 km towards the sea. Around 3 million people are estimated to be affected. Studies have shown the toxicity of the wastes, with high levels of hazardous substances such as arsenic, barium, lead, manganese, copper, iron, nickel, zinc, antimony, chrome, cobalt, vanadium, phosphor and aluminium reported. Most cities in the flood path have had water cuts, since their main water source is the Doce River and the water is untreatable for human consumption due to the large presence of suspended solids and heavy metals. It is reported that 11 bodies have been found and 12 persons are missing. Hospitals have also received patients displaying symptoms of intoxication by heavy metals. Similar communications were sent to Samarco Mining and Vale, see below, case nos. OTH 12/2015 and 13/2015.

10/12/2015

14/01/2016

07/12/2015

JAL

OTH 12/2015
Other
Business enterprises; Hazardous substances and wastes; Health; Indigenous peoples; Water and Sanitation; Letter to Samarco Mining S.A. on alleged detrimental human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an ore tailing waste dam in Bento Rodrigues, a district of Mariana municipality in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, belonging to Samarco Mining S.A., a joint venture between Vale S.A. and BHP Billiton Brazil Ltd. According to the information received, 50 million cubic metres of iron ore waste washed away the Bento Rodrigues district of 600 inhabitants and the ‘mud wave’ penetrated the whole extension of the Doce river and the sea beyond the estuary, affecting the entire ecosystem of the region in its downstream path of 850 km towards the sea. Around 3 million people are estimated to be affected. Studies have shown the toxicity of the wastes, with high levels of hazardous substances such as arsenic, barium, lead, manganese, copper, iron, nickel, zinc, antimony, chrome, cobalt, vanadium, phosphor and aluminium reported. Most cities in the flood path have had water cuts, since their main water source is the Doce River and the water is untreatable for human consumption due to the large presence of suspended solids and heavy metals. It is reported that 11 bodies have been found and 12 persons are missing. Hospitals have also received patients displaying symptoms of intoxication by heavy metals. Similar communications were sent to BHP Billiton Ltd, see above, case no. OTH 11/2015, and to Vale S.A , see below, case no. OTH 13/2015. 14/01/2016

07/12/2015

JAL

OTH 13/2015
Other
Business enterprises; Hazardous substances and wastes; Health; Indigenous peoples; Water and Sanitation; Letter to Vale S.A on alleged detrimental human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an ore tailing waste dam in Bento Rodrigues, a district of Mariana municipality in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, belonging to Samarco Mining S.A., a joint venture between Vale S.A. and BHP Billiton Brazil Ltd. According to the information received, 50 million cubic metres of iron ore waste washed away the Bento Rodrigues district of 600 inhabitants and the ‘mud wave’ penetrated the whole extension of the Doce river and the sea beyond the estuary, affecting the entire ecosystem of the region in its downstream path of 850 km towards the sea. Around 3 million people are estimated to be affected. Studies have shown the toxicity of the wastes, with high levels of hazardous substances such as arsenic, barium, lead, manganese, copper, iron, nickel, zinc, antimony, chrome, cobalt, vanadium, phosphor and aluminium reported. Most cities in the flood path have had water cuts, since their main water source is the Doce River and the water is untreatable for human consumption due to the large presence of suspended solids and heavy metals. It is reported that 11 bodies have been found and 12 persons are missing. Hospitals have also received patients displaying symptoms of intoxication by heavy metals. Similar communications were sent to BHP Billiton Ltd and Samarco Mining S.A., see above, case nos. OTH 11/2015 and OTH 12/2015. 23/12/2015

15/12/2015

JUA

FIN 1/2015
Finland
Environment; Indigenous peoples; Alleged lack of meaningful and effective public participation during the drafting phase of new legislation to regulate the Finnish Forest and Parks Enterprise (Metsähallitus), which regulates the management of State owned lands. Alleged lack of recognition of the Sami and their rights as an indigenous people, notably their right to free, prior and informed consent and to enjoy their own culture and the right to their lands and resources, in the proposed new law. According to the information received, the Sami Parliament has been unable to participate in the law-making process and the most recent draft does not include articles safeguarding the rights of the Sami as an indigenous people. Serious concerns are expressed, inter alia, that the business operations of the proposed company will lead to increased deforestation and mining activities in the Sami Homeland region and to further fragmentation and destruction of the Sami people’s traditional herding, hunting and fishing grounds resulting in an imminent threat to the Sami people and their traditional livelihoods and other land-based cultural activities. 22/12/2015

14/01/2016

JUA

HND 1/2016
Honduras
Business enterprises; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples; Summary executions; Alegaciones de asesinato, ataques, intimidación y amenazas contra miembros de comunidades indígenas y defensores de derechos humanos. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 27 de septiembre del 2015 una persona habría muerto y varias heridas en un enfrentamiento entre miembros del consejo indígena San Isidro y afines de un proyecto hidroeléctrico, en el municipio de Santa Elena. El Sr. Rosalio Vasquez Pineda, Presidente del consejo indígena de San Isidro, habría sido acusado de homicidio e intento de homicidio, aunque no habría estado presente. El 10 de octubre de 2015, el Sr. Yobany Alonzo Vasquez, miembro de Movimiento Indígena Lenca de la Paz (MILPAH) habría sido detenido de manera violenta y amenazado de muerte por una patrulla de diez policías. El 22 de octubre de 2015, a las 4:30 de la mañana, 30 policías, militares y civiles armados habrían entrado de manera violenta en la vivienda del Sr. Rosalio Vásquez Pineda y la Sra. Ana Miriam Romero, y atacado miembros de su familia. Los Sres. Porfirio Vasquez Pineda y Rodolfo Vasquez Pineda fueron detenidos. Las Sras. Romero y Rosaura Vásquez Pineda habrían sufrido consecuencias graves de los golpes recibidos durante el ataque. El 20 de diciembre de 2015 el Sr. Javier Vásquez Benítez, miembro de MILPAH, habría sido encontrado asesinado en un barranco en el municipio Santa Elena en La Paz. 04/04/2016

14/01/2016

JAL

NIC 6/2015
Nicaragua
Business enterprises; Environment; Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples; Alegaciones de abuso de autoridad y funciones, y falta de protección de manifestantes y defensores de derechos humanos, por parte de la Policía Nacional nicaragüense en el marco de una manifestación campesina contra la construcción del Canal interoceánico en Nicaragua. Según las informaciones recibidas, en el contexto de acciones de comunidades campesinas y pueblos indígenas contra la construcción del Canal interoceánico en Nicaragua, el Consejo por la Defensa de la Tierra, Lago y Soberanía habría convocado una marcha campesina a nivel nacional para el 27 de octubre de 2015, con el fin de protestar contra el mencionado proyecto y demandar la derogación de la “Ley Especial para el Desarrollo de Infraestructura y Transporte Nicaragüense atingente a El Canal, Zonas de Libre Comercio e Infraestructuras Asociadas” (Ley n. 840). Las autoridades habrían obstaculizado la participación de las personas en las manifestaciones sin razón o motivo aparente. Se reportaron varias detenciones, presuntamente arbitrarias, confiscación de bienes personales, sin mandato judicial y agresiones a los manifestantes por parte de otros grupos de individuos, sin la debida protección por parte de las autoridades. Estas alegaciones conllevarían presuntas violaciones de los derechos a la libertad de reunión y libertad de expresión, así como el derecho a la libertad y a la seguridad personal.

11/03/2016

11/03/2016

15/01/2016

AL

CHL 1/2016
Chile
Indigenous peoples; Alegaciones sobre violaciones de derechos de miembros del pueblo Rapa Nui en la isla de Pascua, incluidas detenciones de dirigentes Rapa Nui y registro indebida y clausura de las oficinas del Parlamento Rapa Nui. Según las informaciones recibidas, los supuestos hechos estarían relacionados con los derechos de los Rapa Nui sobre sus tierras, territorios y recursos, incluidos los sitios ceremoniales y de uso ancestral ahora comprendidos en el Parque Nacional Rapa Nui. Alegaciones de falta de efectividad del proceso de las comisiones de trabajo y los acuerdos adoptados que no han conseguido instaurar un clima de diálogo y buena fe, a raíz de alegaciones sobre las detenciones de representantes Rapa Nui e investigaciones y registros de algunas de sus organizaciones.  

16/02/2016

JAL

LAO 1/2016
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Adequate housing; Business enterprises; Cultural Rights; Environment; Food; Health; Indigenous peoples; Alleged human rights violations associated with the Don Sahong dam development project of the lower Mekong River in the territory of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2 kilometres from the Laos-Cambodia border. According to the information received, the dam construction, operated by a Malaysian developer, Mega First, is likely to adversely affect approximately 29.7 million people residing both upstream and downstream from the Mekong dam in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the anticipated risks, it is alleged that the project is proceeding without adequate environmental and human rights impact assessment and in the absence of meaningful consultations with the concerned population while posing a considerable threat to the livelihoods of people living in the area, particularly in relation to their right to an adequate standard of living, including the rights to adequate food and housing, the right to the highest standard of physical and mental health, cultural rights, the rights to information and participation, as well as the rights of indigenous peoples. A related communication was sent to the Government of Malaysia on 29 February 2016, see below, case no. MYS 1/2016, as well as to Mega First Corporation Berhad and the Mekong River Commission on 29 February 2016, see below, case nos. OTH 12/2016 and OTH 13/2016.  

26/02/2016

JAL

GTM 2/2016
Guatemala
Disappearances; Discrimination against women; Human rights defenders; Independence of judges and lawyers; Indigenous peoples; Slavery; Summary executions; Torture; Truth, justice, reparation & guarantees on non-rec; Violence against women; Comunicación relativa al desarrollo de tres procesos judiciales sobre violaciones manifiestas de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y violaciones graves del derecho internacional humanitario, ocurridas durante el período del conflicto armado interno en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, procedimientos judiciales habrían iniciado en tres causas conocidas por los nombres de CREOMPAZ; Molina Theissen; y Sepur Zarco. Dieciocho militares en situación de retiro habrían sido objeto de órdenes de captura y habrían sido acusados de varios delitos incluyendo delitos de lesa humanidad, masacres, desaparición forzada, incluso en el caso de un niño, Marco Antonio Molina Theissen, así como la esclavitud sexual y laboral de mujeres q’eqchíes que vivían en la comunidad de Sepur Zarco, donde estaba ubicada una base militar durante la época del conflicto armado interno. En el contexto de estos procesos judiciales, se reportan un creciente número de mensajes y actos intimidatorios, incluyendo de grupos ligados a los militares acusados, que buscarían desacreditar y presionar a las víctimas y a quienes les apoyan en este proceso. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 22 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. GTM 8/2014; 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.  

29/02/2016

UA

AUS 2/2016
Australia
Indigenous peoples; Allegations that the proposed Carmichael Coal Mine by Adani Mining in the Galilee Basin, Queensland, would threaten the ancestral lands, sacred sites and cultural identity of the Wangan and Jagalingou peoples. According to the information received, the extensive coal extraction plant, waste rock dumps and associated infrastructure would have significant negative impact on the land and that the mines would allegedly require 12 billion litres of water per year, thus affecting the Carmichael River and the sacred Doongmabulla Springs. The Wangan and Jagalingou peoples’ relationship to their ancestral land and water is central to their culture and self-identity. The environmental destruction caused by the mine would permanently rupture their relationship with their ancestral land and water, deny their ability to transfer spiritual ties to their children and destroy their culture beyond repair. The Wangan and Jagalingou people have faced intense governmental and corporate pressure in relation to development of the mine. Concerns have been raised over the failure by the National Native Title Tribunal and the State and Federal government to ensure the free and informed consent prior of the aboriginal community, who have a pending Native Title land claim on the area since 2004. 01/04/2016

29/02/2016

JAL

MYS 1/2016
Malaysia
Adequate housing; Business enterprises; Cultural Rights; Environment; Food; Health; Indigenous peoples; Alleged human rights violations associated with the Don Sahong dam development project of the lower Mekong River in the territory of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2 kilometres from the Laos-Cambodia border. According to the information received, the dam construction, operated by a Malaysian developer, Mega First, is likely to adversely affect approximately 29.7 million people residing both upstream and downstream from the Mekong dam in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the anticipated risks, it is alleged that the project is proceeding without adequate environmental and human rights impact assessment and in the absence of meaningful consultation with the concerned population while posing a considerable threat to the livelihoods of people living in the area, particularly in relation to their right to an adequate standard of living, including the rights to adequate food and housing, the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, cultural rights, the rights to information and participation, as well as the rights of indigenous peoples. A related communication was sent to the Government of Lao People’s Democratic Republic on 16 February 2016, see above, case no. LAO 1/2016, as well as to Mega First Corporation Berhad and the Mekong River Commission on 29 February 2016, see below, case nos. OTH 12/2016 and 13/2016.  

29/02/2016

JAL

OTH 12/2016
Other
Adequate housing; Business enterprises; Cultural Rights; Environment; Food; Health; Indigenous peoples; Alleged human rights violations associated with the Don Sahong dam development project of the lower Mekong River in the territory of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2 kilometres from the Laos-Cambodia border. According to the information received, the dam construction, operated by a Malaysian developer, Mega First, is likely to adversely affect approximately 29.7 million people residing both upstream and downstream from the Mekong dam in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the anticipated risks, it is alleged that the project is proceeding without adequate environmental and human rights impact assessment and in the absence of meaningful consultation with the concerned population while posing a considerable threat to the livelihoods of people living in the area, particularly in relation to their right to an adequate standard of living, including the rights to adequate food and housing, the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, cultural rights, the rights to information and participation, as well as the rights of indigenous peoples. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Malaysia on 16 and 29 February 2016, respectively, see above, case nos. LAO 1/2016 and MYS 1/2016, as well as to Mekong River Commission, see below, case no. OTH 13/2016.  

29/02/2016

JAL

OTH 13/2016
Other
Adequate housing; Business enterprises; Cultural Rights; Environment; Food; Health; Indigenous peoples; Alleged human rights violations associated with the Don Sahong dam development project of the lower Mekong River in the territory of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2 kilometres from the Laos-Cambodia border. According to the information received, the dam construction, operated by a Malaysian developer, Mega First, is likely to adversely affect approximately 29.7 million people residing both upstream and downstream from the Mekong dam in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the anticipated risks, it is alleged that the project is proceeding without adequate environmental and human rights impact assessment and in the absence of meaningful consultation with the concerned population while posing a considerable threat to the livelihoods of people living in the area, particularly in relation to their right to an adequate standard of living, including the rights to adequate food and housing, the right to the highest standard of physical and mental health, cultural rights, the rights to information and participation, as well as the rights of indigenous peoples. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Malaysia on 16 and 29 February 2016, respectively, see above, case nos. LAO 1/2016 and MYS 1/2016, as well as to Mega First Corporation Berhad, see above, case no. OTH 12/2016.  

27/08/2015

JAL

PER 4/2015
Peru
Hazardous substances and wastes; Indigenous peoples; Carta de seguimiento respecto a la aplicación de los acuerdos del Acta de Lima para la reparación de las violaciones de los derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas afectados por la explotación petrolera del Lote 192 y al proceso de consulta llevado a cabo para la nueva licitación en la zona. Según la información recibida, la ejecución por parte del Gobierno del Perú de las medidas acordadas con las Federaciones indígenas representantes de las comunidades indígenas del Lote 192, en el Departamento de Loreto, para la reparación de las graves violaciones de derechos humanos, resultado de 44 años de explotación petrolera en los territorios indígenas, está siendo lenta, limitada y no se han realizado las acciones previstas sobre los temas centrales de titulación de tierras, estudios de salud y remediación ambiental de la grave situación en la zona. En relación con el proceso de consulta a las comunidades afectadas acordado por el Gobierno con las Federaciones indígenas, se alega que el Estado no ha tenido en cuenta las propuestas presentadas por las comunidades de manera cabal y que dichas consultas no se han realizado con la necesaria buena fe, por lo que es necesario establecer un nuevo proceso de diálogo para superar el fracaso de las conversaciones anteriores antes de la nueva e inminente licitación del Lote. La grave situación de contaminación y sus impactos en los derechos humanos fundamentales de los pueblos indígenas en el área fue motivo de dos comunicaciones anteriores, el 5 de diciembre de 2014, véase A/HRC/29/50, caso no. PER 3/2014 y el 28 de mayo de 2015, véase A/HRC/30/27, caso no. PER 1/2015.

26/10/2015

01/12/2015

07/12/2015

14/04/2016

  

 

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