UNSR Victoria Tauli-Corpuz

Communications sent, 1 March to 31 May 2016; Replies received, 1 May to 31 July 2016 Print

Human Rights Council

Thirty-third session

Agenda items 3, 4, 7, 9 and 10

A/HRC/33/32
9 September 2016 

Communications sent, 1 March to 31 May 2016; Replies received, 1 May to 31 July 2016

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Date Type Case No Country Mandate(s) Summary of the allegation transmitted Reply
  02/03/2016 JAL   USA 1/2016 United States of America     African descent; Hazardous substances and wastes; Health; Indigenous peoples; Minority issues; Racism; Water and Sanitation;   Alleged high levels of lead found in water consumed by residents of Flint, Michigan; and allegations that Flint is not an isolated incident but that disproportionate health risks are faced by communities and/or people of lower socio-economic standing due to toxics, pollution and other hazardous substances and wastes in the United States of America. According to the information received, inhabitants of the city of Flint were consuming water contaminated with lead when the state of Michigan changed the source for tap water in April 2014 but failed to apply standards to prevent contamination of the water. Several alerts and studies were dismissed by the authorities until 1 October 2015 when the Governor of Michigan admitted the gravity of the situation and urged residents to stop drinking water from the tap, declaring a state of emergency on 5 January 2016. On 16 January 2016 President Obama declared a Federal state of emergency for Flint in order to speed up distribution of bottled waters and filters. Up to 8,000 children under the age of six are alleged to have been exposed to lead poisoning and will need ongoing medical help with health and behavioural issues. 25/04/2016                
  08/03/2016 JUA   HND 2/2016 Honduras     Environment; Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples; Summary executions;   Alegaciones de asesinato de una defensora de derechos humanos y el riesgo que corre otro defensor del derecho a la tierra. Según la información recibida, el 2 de marzo, la Sra. Bertha Isabel Cáceres Flores, miembro de la población indígena Lenca, Cofundadora y Coordinadora del Consejo Cívico de Organizaciones Populares e Indígenas de Honduras (COPINH), fue asesinada en La Esperanza, departamento del Intibucá, por sujetos desconocidos. La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos había otorgado medidas cautelares a la Sra. Cáceres en junio de 2009. Según las informaciones recibidas, el Sr. Gustavo Castro Soto, fundador y actual director de la organización Otro Mundos, A. C. Chiapas, miembro del Movimiento Mexicano de Afectados por las Presas y en Defensa de los Ríos (MAPDER) de México, testigo clave en el asesinato de la Sra. Berta Cáceres habría sido herido durante al ataque y habría proporcionado a las autoridades su testimonio sobre los acontecimientos. Las autoridades hondureñas le habrían prohibido la salida del país. Se expresa preocupación por su seguridad física y psicológica. 14/03/2016 14/03/2016 17/03/2016 14/03/2016        
  14/03/2016 AL   FIN 1/2016 Finland     Indigenous peoples;   Letter concerning new legislation on land management, a lack of consultation with indigenous peoples during its development and potential adverse impact on the human rights of indigenous peoples. According to the information received, the Government’s proposed new legislation on the Finnish Forest and Park Enterprise (Metsähallitus) will transfer regulation of the management of State owned lands and waters to a new State owned company. The reform will affect the majority of the traditional territory of the Sami indigenous peoples. Concern has been expressed that the proposed Bill was drafted without adequate consultations with the Sami people and that its lack of provisions safeguarding the rights of the Sami people may lead to a significant weakening of their rights over their lands and resources. This Bill was previously subject of a joint urgent appeal together with the Special Rapporteur on the issue of human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment on 15 December 2015, see A/HRC/32/53, case no. FIN 1/2015. 12/05/2016                  
  24/03/2016 AL   COL 3/2016 Colombia     Indigenous peoples;   Alegaciones indicando el impacto de las negociaciones de paz que están teniendo lugar entre el Gobierno de Colombia y las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) en la Habana sobre los pueblos indígenas. Se expresa una serie de graves preocupaciones en relación con las negociaciones de paz: la falta de participación de las organizaciones y autoridades representativas de los pueblos indígenas en el proceso de negociación de la paz; y el impacto que ciertas decisiones que ambas partes están adoptando en las negociaciones de la Habana pueden tener sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas, incluyendo discusiones sobre una política pública subsiguiente con el fin de poner en práctica los acuerdos de paz. Se expresa también preocupación por la falta de avances reales en la aplicación de las reparaciones colectivas para los pueblos indígenas. Se solicita que ambas partes de las negociaciones observen y respeten el derecho de los pueblos indígenas a ser consultados en relación con medidas que les afecten según establece el Convenio número 169 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo.  
  24/03/2016 UA   ECU 1/2016 Ecuador     Indigenous peoples;   Alegaciones de la falta de un proceso de consulta adecuada con pueblos indígenas. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 14 de enero de 2016, el Ministerio de Hidrocarburos firmó un contrato de explotación y exploración con la empresa china Andes Petroleum para los Bloques 79 y 83 de la Amazonia, que afectan directamente los territorios de los pueblos indígenas Sápara, Kichwa de Sarayaku, Achuar, Shiwiar, Kichwa y Huaorani, generando graves impactos socio-ambientales y amenazara su sobrevivencia e identidad cultural. Las alegaciones conllevarían presuntas violaciones del derecho a la consulta previa y consentimiento previo, libre e informado.  
  24/03/2016 JAL   IDN 1/2016 Indonesia     Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Indigenous peoples; Summary executions; Torture;   Alleged excessive use of force, killing, torture, arbitrary detention and charges against individuals for the exercise of their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of expression. According to the information received, on 1 December 2015, indigenous Papuans commemorated their National Day through numerous peaceful demonstrations and prayer services across Indonesia. At demonstrations and events held in Jakarta, Yapen Island and Nabire, security forces used blockades, tear gas and violence to end the commemorations, resulting in the injury of 141 individuals and death of four individuals. Another 355 individuals were arrested and detained, and two were charged with criminal offences. All individuals were subsequently released and the charges brought against the two individuals dropped. Previous communications concerning the exercise by indigenous Papuans of their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression were sent on 9 October 2015 see A/HRC/31/79, case no. IDN 8/2015; 1 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IDN 2/2014; 23 September 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IDN 4/2013; and 24 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. IDN 6/2012.  
  01/04/2016 JUA   PER 1/2016 Peru     Business enterprises; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples;   Alegaciones de ataques físicos, actos de hostigamiento y amenazas contra la indígena quechua Máxima Acuña de Chaupe, defensora de derechos humanos, y su familia en el departamento de Cajamarca, por razón de su disputa territorial con la compañía minera Yanacocha S.R.L. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 2 de febrero de 2016, la Sra. Acuña de Chaupe habría sufrido una serie de actos por parte de la compañía minera y la Policía Nacional peruana. Se expresa preocupación para la vida y la integridad física y moral que la presente situación supone para la familia de la Sra. Acuña de Chaupe y la falta de medidas de protección, pese a ser beneficiarias de medidas cautelares por parte de la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos desde el 5 de mayo de 2014. Las alegaciones conllevarían presuntas violaciones del derecho a la consulta previa y consentimiento previo, libre e informado con las comunidades y rondas campesinas en la aprobación del proyecto minero. La Sra. Acuña de Chaupe fue objeto de comunicaciones previas enviadas el 25 de agosto de 2015 (ver A/HRC/31/79 PER 3/2015) y el 20 de febrero de 2014 (ver A/HRC/26/21PER 1/2014). 14/04/2016                
  08/04/2016 UA   BRA 1/2016 Brazil     Indigenous peoples;   Alleged arrest of an indigenous leader and his brother based on their work defending their lands. According to the information received, in the late morning of 7 April 2016, Mr. Rosivaldo Ferreira da Silva, known as Cacique Babau Tupinambá, a well-known and respected indigenous leader, was arrested by Bahia Military police of the municipality of Olivença along with his brother, Mr. José Aelson Jesus da Silva, also known as Teity Tupinambá. The arrest took place after they spent time in Aldeia Gravatá, in the Tupinambá de Olivença, which is indigenous land in the south of Bahia, where the Tupinambá denounced the illegal quarrying of sand. The two men were taken to the Federal Police headquarters in Ilhéus. Concerns is raised about the safety and well-being of the aforementioned individuals, in particular that of Cacique Babau Tupinambá whose arrest may be linked to his work as a human rights defender and leader of his community.                  
  20/04/2016 JAL   AUS 3/2016 Australia     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 20/06/2016                  
  20/04/2016 JAL   BRN 1/2016 Brunei Darussalam     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                  
  20/04/2016 JAL   CAN 1/2016 Canada     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011 02/05/2016                  
  20/04/2016 JAL   CHL 2/2016 Chile     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alegaciones acerca del impacto adverso en el disfrute de los derechos humanos de varias disposiciones contenidas en el Acuerdo Transpacífico de Cooperación Económica (en adelante ‘TPP’ por sus siglas en inglés). De acuerdo a la información recibida, el TPP habría sido redactado de forma no transparente, sin consultas amplias, impidiendo que ciertos actores, como algunos grupos indígenas, participasen activamente en el proceso de negociación. Ciertas disposiciones del TPP relativas a los derechos de propiedad intelectual podrían tener un efecto perjudicial sobre el derecho de toda persona al disfrute del más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental, el derecho a una alimentación adecuada, a vivir en un ambiente limpio, a gozar de los beneficios del progreso científico y a participar en la vida cultural. Se expresa gran preocupación sobre las disposiciones relativas a los mecanismos de solución de controversias ante los cuales los individuos no tienen capacidad legal y por lo tanto se ven privados del derecho a un recurso efectivo, así como sobre el mecanismo de solución de controversias entre inversores y el Estado que permite a los inversores desafiar la aplicación de las leyes y políticas que promuevan y protejan los derechos humanos. El impacto negativo en el acceso a medicamentos por parte del TPP fue objeto de una comunicación anterior enviada el 19 de julio de 2011, ver A/HRC/19/44, casos no. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 y VNM 5/2011.).). 30/06/2016                  
  20/04/2016 JAL   JPN 2/2016 Japan     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                      
  20/04/2016 JAL   MYS 5/2016 Malaysia     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                    
  20/04/2016 JAL   MEX 3/2016 México     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alegaciones acerca del impacto adverso en el disfrute de los derechos humanos de varias disposiciones contenidas en el Acuerdo Transpacífico de Cooperación Económica (en adelante ‘TPP’ por sus siglas en inglés). De acuerdo a la información recibida, el TPP habría sido redactado de forma no transparente, sin consultas amplias, impidiendo que ciertos actores, como algunos grupos indígenas, participasen activamente en el proceso de negociación. Ciertas disposiciones del TPP relativas a los derechos de propiedad intelectual podrían tener un efecto perjudicial sobre el derecho de toda persona al disfrute del más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental, el derecho a una alimentación adecuada, a vivir en un ambiente limpio, a gozar de los beneficios del progreso científico y a participar en la vida cultural. Se expresa gran preocupación sobre las disposiciones relativas a los mecanismos de solución de controversias ante los cuales los individuos no tienen capacidad legal y por lo tanto se ven privados del derecho a un recurso efectivo, así como sobre el mecanismo de solución de controversias entre inversores y el Estado que permite a los inversores desafiar la aplicación de las leyes y políticas que promuevan y protejan los derechos humanos. El impacto negativo en el acceso a medicamentos por parte del TPP fue objeto de una comunicación anterior enviada el 19 de julio de 2011, ver A/HRC/19/44, casos no. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 y VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                    
  20/04/2016 JAL   NZL 1/2016 New Zealand     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016 13/07/2016                
  20/04/2016 JAL   PER 2/2016 Peru     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alegaciones acerca del impacto adverso en el disfrute de los derechos humanos de varias disposiciones contenidas en el Acuerdo Transpacífico de Cooperación Económica (en adelante ‘TPP’ por sus siglas en inglés). De acuerdo a la información recibida, el TPP habría sido redactado de forma no transparente, sin consultas amplias, impidiendo que ciertos actores, como algunos grupos indígenas, participasen activamente en el proceso de negociación. Ciertas disposiciones del TPP relativas a los derechos de propiedad intelectual podrían tener un efecto perjudicial sobre el derecho de toda persona al disfrute del más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental, el derecho a una alimentación adecuada, a vivir en un ambiente limpio, a gozar de los beneficios del progreso científico y a participar en la vida cultural. Se expresa gran preocupación sobre las disposiciones relativas a los mecanismos de solución de controversias ante los cuales los individuos no tienen capacidad legal y por lo tanto se ven privados del derecho a un recurso efectivo, así como sobre el mecanismo de solución de controversias entre inversores y el Estado que permite a los inversores desafiar la aplicación de las leyes y políticas que promuevan y protejan los derechos humanos. El impacto negativo en el acceso a medicamentos por parte del TPP fue objeto de una comunicación anterior enviada el 19 de julio de 2011, ver A/HRC/19/44, casos no. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 y VNM 5/2011. 19/07/2016                  
  20/04/2016 JAL   SGP 1/2016 Singapore     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                    
  20/04/2016 JAL   USA 4/2016 United States of America     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                        
  20/04/2016 JAL   VNM 2/2016 Viet Nam     Cultural Rights; Democratic and equitable international order; Freedom of expression; Health; Indigenous peoples; International Solidarity; Privacy;   Alleged adverse human rights impact related to numerous provisions within the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). According to the information received, the TPP was drafted opaquely, without broad consultations, preventing certain stakeholders, including indigenous peoples, from meaningfully participating in the negotiation process. Certain provisions of the TPP related to intellectual property rights may have a detrimental effect on the realization of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, to live in a clean environment, to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and to participate in cultural life. Serious concern is expressed at provisions relating to the dispute settlement mechanisms before which individuals do not have legal standing and thus are deprived of the right to an effective remedy, and at the investor-State dispute resolution mechanism, which allows investors to challenge laws and policies that promote and protect human rights. The negative impact on access to medicines by the TPP was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case nos. AUS 4/2011, BRN 1/2011, CHL 3/2011, MYS 8/2011, NZL 1/2011, PER 3/2011, SGP 2/2011, USA 13/2011 and VNM 5/2011. 30/06/2016                        
  22/04/2016 JAL   IDN 3/2016 Indonesia     Food; Health; Indigenous peoples;   Alleged preventable deaths of 51 children and three adults as a result of a Pertussis epidemic in Papua Province, Indonesia. According to the information received, between November 2015 and 5 January 2016, 51 children and three adults died of Pertussis in the Nduga Regency, a remote area in the highlands of Papua Province that is mainly inhabited by indigenous Papuans. The spread of the epidemic was reportedly facilitated by food and clean water shortages, chronic malnutrition and poor availability of and lack of access to adequate medical services. Information received indicated that preventive immunizations had not been provided to the indigenous Papuans. Both national and local government institutions reportedly failed to adequately prevent, treat and control the Pertussis epidemic. It is therefore alleged that the 54 deaths were preventable and the result of government neglect.              
  28/04/2016 JAL   IND 1/2016 India     Discrimination against women; Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Independence of judges and lawyers; Indigenous peoples; Violence against women;   Alleged harassment, attacks and threats against five women human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 3 October 2015, a resolution was passed by the Bastar Bar Association, prohibiting Ms. Shalini Gera and Ms. Isha Khandelwal, two human rights lawyers, from representing their clients, indigenous Adivasis, in Jagdalpur. Following a complaint by the lawyers, an interim order allowed them to practice again. On 18 February 2016, the landlord of Ms. Gera and Ms. Khandelwal was pressured by police to evict the lawyers from their offices. In January 2016, after Ms. Bela Bhatia had assisted several Adivasi women who had allegedly been raped by police officers, she faced intimidation from a police organisation. Police visited her home numerous times and her mobile phone was tracked. On 20 February 2016, the landlady of Ms. Bhatia was called to the police station in Jagdalpur and pressured to ask Ms. Bhatia to leave her home. On 7 February 2016, the home of Ms. Malini Subramanium, a journalist, was targeted by a group of 20 persons shouting abusive slogans at her. On 18 February, Ms. Subramanium’s landlord was forced by the police to evict Ms. Subramanium from her residence. On 1 August 2015, Ms. Soni Sori, an indigenous rights defender, held a press conference on the murder of a villager, and subsequently became the object of a slander campaign. On 20 February 2016, she was attacked by three unidentified men throwing chemical substance near Jawbanga, Chhattisgarh, resulting in her hospitalisation.                    
  02/05/2016 JAL   IDN 4/2016 Indonesia     Arbitrary detention; Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples;   Alleged excessive use of force, degrading treatment and arbitrary arrest of 20 West Papuan activists in Papua Provinces of Indonesia. According to the information received, on 12 and 13 April 2016, 20 West Papuan activists ? Mr. Yupi Sobolim, Mr. Unyil Kobak, Mr. Erson Suhun, Mr. Lendeng Omu, Mr. Leni Busup, Mr. Natu Dapla, Ms. Panggrasia Yeem, Mr. Petrus Katem, Mr. Idelfonsius Katop, Mr. Yohakim Gebze, Mr. Gento Emerikus Dop, Mr. Charles Sraun, Mr. Emilianus Nemop, Mr. Rikardo Pisakai, Mr. Oktovianus Warip, Mr. Petrus P. Koweng, Mr. Lukas Arawok, Mr. Simon Taulemi, Mr. Paustinus K. Metemko, and Mr. Moses Pasim ? were arrested in two different locations in the Papua Province of Indonesia. The arrested persons are comprised of members of and activists supporting the West Papua National Committee, as well as members of People’s Regional Parliament. The arrests were reportedly in reaction to their support of the candidacy of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua to be a full member of the Melanesian Spearhead Group. They were reportedly subjected to a series of degrading treatment, including forced to eat dirt, strip and beaten with a hammer. Concern is expressed at the alleged excessive use of force, degrading treatment, arrest and arbitrary detention against individuals for the legitimate exercise of their rights to freedom of assembly and freedom of expression.                      
  04/05/2016 UA   KEN 2/2016 Kenya     Indigenous peoples;   Allegations of land grabber violence against the indigenous Ogiek in the Ngongongeri area in Nakuru county. According to the information received, this violence included the burning and demolition of homes, intimidation of indigenous peoples, the forced eviction of 500 people and the killing of a community elder. The alleged violations occurred notwithstanding an Order of Provisional Measures issued on 15 March 2013 by the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the case (application no. 6/2012), which in view of the risk of irreparable harm to the Ogiek ordered the Kenyan Government to refrain from any act or thing that would or might irreparably prejudice the main application before the Court. Concerns have been expressed over the failure of the police to protect members of the Ogiek community, despite that members of the police force were allegedly present during the forced evictions and killing. The persistent patterns of forced evictions of the Ogiek have been the subject of previous communications sent on 15 October 2009 and 1 April 2010, see A/HRC/15/37/Add.1, paras. 240-271.  
  24/05/2016 JAL   PHL 1/2016 Philippines     Arbitrary detention; Food; Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Indigenous peoples; Summary executions; Torture;   Allegations of excessive use of force, arbitrary arrest and detention of farmers and their supporters who were calling for food assistance. According to information received, on 1 April 2016 police forces in Kidapawan City, North Cotabato, violently dispersed farmers and their supporters who demanded food assistance, in the context of a severe drought attributed to the El Niño phenomenon. It is alleged that two individuals died as a result of gunshot wounds. There are reports of excessive use of force and arbitrary arrests and detentions by the police. It is further alleged that the Government failed to ensure a comprehensive and equitable famine relief response in view of the ongoing dry spell, which is particularly affecting landless and marginal farmers, tenants and farm workers, many of whom belong to the indigenous Lumad peoples.                  
25/05/2016 AL BRA 3/2016 Brazil Indigenous peoples Alleged risks to the protection and promotion of indigenous peoples’ rights following political uncertainty and imminent changes to the composition of the Government. According to information received, the Government has failed to demarcate indigenous lands prior to planned changes, and a proposed revision of the structure of the Government could weaken indigenous rights protections. Concerns are expressed about unmet needs, particularly in the southern region of Brazil, to complete the demarcation of indigenous lands in accordance with the Brazilian Federal Constitution. Concern is further expressed with respect to the imminent changes to the Government’s composition following the impeachment process of former President Dilma Roussef. Concern is also expressed that the disarticulation of the Ministry of Human Rights and the Ministry of Culture will further endanger and weaken in particular the rights of indigenous peoples who are among the most vulnerable to human rights abuses. Concern is last expressed with respect to the future of the Brazilian National Human Rights Council (Plataforma de Direitos Humanos) and the uncertain state of the newly established National Council for Indigenous Policy.  
  27/05/2016 JAL   HND 4/2016 Honduras     Discrimination against women; Environment; Freedom of expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples; Violence against women;   Alegaciones relativas a agresiones físicas y amenazas, y a la falta de protección adecuada de manifestantes y defensores de derechos humanos por parte de las fuerzas de seguridad en el marco de una manifestación pacífica. Según la información recibida, el 15 de abril de 2016, se desplazaba un grupo de personas para participar en una manifestación del Encuentro Internacional de los Pueblos “Berta Cáceres Vive”. En este contexto, se habrían producido graves incidentes, incluyendo agresiones físicas, contra varios centenares de personas que habrían sido parte de esta caravana. Asimismo, varias personas habrían proferido amenazas directas contra varios manifestantes, incluyendo los Sres. Tomás Gómez y Sotero Chavarría, integrantes de la Coordinación General del Consejo Cívico de Organizaciones Populares e Indígenas de Honduras (COPINH). Además, el 9 de mayo, se reportaron represiones violentas de otra manifestación pacífica por parte de miembros del COPINH, cuyos miembros habrían llegado desde las comunidades indígenas lencas hasta las inmediaciones de la Casa Presidencia en Tegucigalpa para exigir la instauración de una Comisión Internacional e Independiente para investigar el asesinato de Berta Cáceres. Después de la movilización, miembros del COPINH habrían sido objeto de detenciones así como de seguimientos y hostigamientos por parte de agentes de la policía. En particular, desde el 10 de mayo de 2016, se habrían producido diversos pronunciamientos e intimidaciones directas relacionadas con el trabajo realizado por la defensora de derechos humanos Giulia Fellin. Similares asuntos destacados en esta comunicación han sido abordados en comunicaciones anteriores: el 8 de junio de 2004, caso HND 3/2004, el 12 de agosto de 2004, caso HND 6/2004, el 7 de abril de 2006, caso HND 1/2006, el 6 de julio de 2009, caso HND 5/2009, el 27 de agosto de 2013, referencia A/HRC/25/74, caso HND 4/2013, el 2 de abril de 2014, referencia A/HRC/27/72, caso HND 2/2014, el 9 de abril de 2014, referencia A/HRC/27/72, caso HND 3/2014, el 8 de marzo de 2016, caso HND 2/2016, el 18 de marzo de 2016, caso HND 3/2016.  
31/05/2016 JAL GTM 5/2016 Guatemala Arbitrary Detention; Business; Freedom of opinion and expression; Freedom of peaceful assembly and of association; Human rights defenders; Indigenous peoples Alegaciones de acoso judicial y criminalización contra seis defensores de derechos humanos, medioambientales y de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas en el departamento de Huehuetenango. Algunos de ellos son autoridades de los pueblos indígenas maya q’anjob’ales en la región. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 26 de febrero de 2015, los Sres. Sotero Adalberto Villatoro, Francisco Juan Pedro y Arturo Pablo Juan habrían sido detenidos por los cargos de amenazas, instigación a delinquir, reunión y manifestación ilícita plagio y secuestro. El 24 de marzo de 2015, los Sres. Rigoberto Juárez y Domingo Baltazar habrían sido detenidos por los cargos de coacción, amenazas, atentado, instigación a delinquir, obstaculización de la acción penal, plagio o secuestro. El 2 de junio de 2015, el Sr. Bernardo Ermitaño López Reyes habría sido detenido por los cargos de amenazas, coacción, obstaculización de la acción penal, instigación a delinquir, atentado, y plagio o secuestro. Las personas arriba citadas se encontrarían en detención preventiva. Todas habrían sido acusadas de formar parte de una red criminal. Se reporta sin embargo que la detención y procesos judiciales contra las personas arriba citadas no tendrían fundamento y representarían una forma de acoso judicial en respuesta al ejercicio legítimo de sus derechos y su trabajo de promoción y protección de los derechos humanos.  
  17/09/2015 JUA   MEX 11/2015 México     Arbitrary detention; Human rights defenders; Independence of judges and lawyers; Indigenous peoples;   Alegaciones sobre la detención de un abogado, representante legal de comunidades indígenas en la defensa de sus derechos. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 22 de julio de 2015, el abogado Sr. Eduardo Arturo Mosqueda Sánchez habría acompañado en su calidad de abogado, a miembros de la comunidad indígena de Ayotitlán en la municipalidad de Cuautitlán, estado de Jalisco, quienes se habrían acercado a las instalaciones de la compañía minera Consorcio Minero Benito Juárez Pena Colorada S.A. Una decisión judicial de cesación habría sido otorgada en 2013 en respuesta a un amparo presentado por el Sr. Mosqueda Sánchez. El Sr. Mosqueda Sánchez y miembros de la comunidad se habrían apersonado y habrían presentado copia del amparo. En respuesta, habrían sido hostigados y golpeados por la policía del Estado de Jalisco. El Sr. Mosqueda Sánchez había sido detenido en ese momento y el 30 de julio de 2015 habría sido formalmente acusado de la comisión de delitos graves. 06/05/2016                  
  16/02/2016 JAL   LAO 1/2016 Lao People's Democratic Republic     Adequate housing; Business enterprises; Cultural Rights; Environment; Food; Health; Indigenous peoples;   Alleged human rights violations associated with the Don Sahong dam development project of the lower Mekong River in the territory of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2 kilometres from the Laos-Cambodia border. According to the information received, the dam construction, operated by a Malaysian developer, Mega First, is likely to adversely affect approximately 29.7 million people residing both upstream and downstream from the Mekong dam in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the anticipated risks, it is alleged that the project is proceeding without adequate environmental and human rights impact assessment and in the absence of meaningful consultations with the concerned population while posing a considerable threat to the livelihoods of people living in the area, particularly in relation to their right to an adequate standard of living, including the rights to adequate food and housing, the right to the highest standard of physical and mental health, cultural rights, the rights to information and participation, as well as the rights of indigenous peoples. A related communication was sent to the Government of Malaysia on 29 February 2016, see below, case no. MYS 1/2016, as well as to Mega First Corporation Berhad and the Mekong River Commission on 29 February 2016, see below, case nos. OTH 12/2016 and OTH 13/2016. 10/05/2016                      
  26/02/2016 JAL   GTM 2/2016 Guatemala     Disappearances; Discrimination against women; Human rights defenders; Independence of judges and lawyers; Indigenous peoples; Slavery; Summary executions; Torture; Truth, justice, reparation & guarantees on non-rec; Violence against women; Comunicación relativa al desarrollo de tres procesos judiciales sobre violaciones manifiestas de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y violaciones graves del derecho internacional humanitario, ocurridas durante el período del conflicto armado interno en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, procedimientos judiciales habrían iniciado en tres causas conocidas por los nombres de CREOMPAZ; Molina Theissen; y Sepur Zarco. Dieciocho militares en situación de retiro habrían sido objeto de órdenes de captura y habrían sido acusados de varios delitos incluyendo delitos de lesa humanidad, masacres, desaparición forzada, incluso en el caso de un niño, Marco Antonio Molina Theissen, así como la esclavitud sexual y laboral de mujeres q’eqchíes que vivían en la comunidad de Sepur Zarco, donde estaba ubicada una base militar durante la época del conflicto armado interno. En el contexto de estos procesos judiciales, se reportan un creciente número de mensajes y actos intimidatorios, incluyendo de grupos ligados a los militares acusados, que buscarían desacreditar y presionar a las víctimas y a quienes les apoyan en este proceso. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 22 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. GTM 8/2014; 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013. 06/04/2016 24/05/2016                    
  29/02/2016 JAL   OTH 13/2016 Other     Adequate housing; Business enterprises; Cultural Rights; Environment; Food; Health; Indigenous peoples;   Alleged human rights violations associated with the Don Sahong dam development project of the lower Mekong River in the territory of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2 kilometres from the Laos-Cambodia border. According to the information received, the dam construction, operated by a Malaysian developer, Mega First, is likely to adversely affect approximately 29.7 million people residing both upstream and downstream from the Mekong dam in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. Despite the anticipated risks, it is alleged that the project is proceeding without adequate environmental and human rights impact assessment and in the absence of meaningful consultation with the concerned population while posing a considerable threat to the livelihoods of people living in the area, particularly in relation to their right to an adequate standard of living, including the rights to adequate food and housing, the right to the highest standard of physical and mental health, cultural rights, the rights to information and participation, as well as the rights of indigenous peoples. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Malaysia on 16 and 29 February 2016, respectively, see above, case nos. LAO 1/2016 and MYS 1/2016, as well as to Mega First Corporation Berhad, see above, case no. OTH 12/2016. 09/05/2016                      
 

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